Mechanical properties and their interrelationships for medium-density European hardwoods, focusing on ash and beech

Andriy Kovryga, Peter Stapel, Jan Willem G. van de Kuilen

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

24 Zitate (Scopus)


The usage of hardwoods for engineered wood products, such as glulam, requires defined mechanical properties reflecting the actual tensile strength of the material. Currently, the European strength class system EN 338 only covers profiles for hardwoods tested in bending. In this study, the material properties of medium-density hardwoods are analysed with the focus on a total of 3663 European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) and European beech (Fagus sylvatica) specimens tested in different loading modes (tension, compression, bending, and shear). The relationships between the material properties—tensile strength, stiffness, and density—are analysed on grouped data of both graded and ungraded specimens. As a result, a tailored ratio of tensile strength to tensile MOE and density is given, which allows to utilize a higher tensile strength of hardwoods (ft,0,k over 30 N/mm²) compared to softwoods. Furthermore, the relationship of the test values and the derived values is checked. The equations for deriving the compression and bending strength from tensile strength are verified based on available data. For tensile and compression strength perpendicular to the grain and for shear strength of both beech and ash, higher strength values than the ones listed in EN 338 are possible. The relationship between the mechanical properties are combined to tensile strength profiles for hardwoods.

Seiten (von - bis)289-302
FachzeitschriftWood Material Science and Engineering
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2 Sept. 2020


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