Loss of latent activity of liver microsomal membrane enzymes evoked by lipid peroxidation. Studies of nucleoside diphosphatase, glucose-6-phosphatase, and UDP glucuronyltransferase

Herbert de Groot, Thomas Noll, Thomas Tölle

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

45 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of lipid peroxidation on latent microsomal enzyme activities were examined in NADPH-reduced microsomes from phenobarbital-pretreated male rats. Lipid peroxidation, stimulated by iron or carbon tetrachloride, was assayed as malondialdehyde formation. Independent of the stimulating agent of lipid peroxidation, latency of microsomal nucleoside diphosphatase activity remained unaffected up to microsomal peroxidation equivalent to the formation of about 12 nmol malondialdehyde/mg microsomal protein. However, above this threshold a close correlation was found between lipid peroxidation and loss of latent enzyme activity. The loss of latency evoked by lipid peroxidation was comparable to the loss latency attainable by disrupting the microsomal membrane by detergent. Loss of latent enzyme activity produced by lipid peroxidation was also observed for microsomal glucose-6-phosphatase and UDPglucuronyltransferase. In contrast to nucleoside diphosphatase, however, both enzymes were inactivated by lipid peroxidation, as indicated by pronounced decreases of their activities in detergent-treated microsomes. According to the respective optimal oxygen partial pressure (Po2) for lipid peroxidation, the iron-mediated effects on enzyme activities were maximal at a Po2 of 80 mmHg and the one mediated by carbon tetrachloride at a Po2 of 5 mmHg. Under anaerobic conditions no alterations of enzyme activities were detected. These results demonstrate that loss of microsomal latency only occurs when peroxidation of the microsomal membrane has reached a certain extent, and that beyond this threshold lipid peroxidation leads to severe disintegration of the microsomal membrane resulting in a loss of its selective permeability, a damage which should be of pathological consequences for the liver cell. Because of its resistance against lipid peroxidation nucleoside diphosphatase is a well-suited intrinsic microsomal parameter to estimate this effect of lipid peroxidation on the microsomal membrane.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)91-96
Seitenumfang6
FachzeitschriftBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes
Jahrgang815
Ausgabenummer1
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 26 Apr. 1985
Extern publiziertJa

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