Interaction of human heat shock protein 70 with tumor-associated peptides

Maya J. Pandya, Henriette Bendz, Florian Manzenrieder, Elfriede Noessner, Horst Kessler, Johannes Buchner, Rolf D. Issels

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

10 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Molecular chaperones of the heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) family play a crucial role in the presentation of exogenous antigenic peptides by antigen-presenting cells (APCs). In a combined biochemical and immunological approach, we characterize the biochemical interaction of tumor-associated peptides with human Hsp70 and show that the strength of this interaction determines the efficacy of immunological cross-presentation of the antigenic sequences by APCs. A fluorescein-labeled cytosolic mammalian Hsc70 binding peptide is shown to interact with human Hsp70 molecules with high affinity (Kd=0.58 μm at 25°C). Competition experiments demonstrate weaker binding by Hsp70 of antigenic peptides derived from the tumor-associated proteins tyrosinase (Kd=32 μ m) and melanoma antigen recognized by T cells (MART-1) (Kd=2.4 μ m). Adding a peptide sequence (pep70) with high Hsp70 binding affinity (Kd=0.04 μ m) to the tumor-associated peptides enables them to strongly interact with Hsp70. Presentation of tumor-associated peptides by B cells resulting in T cell activation in vitro is enhanced by Hsp70 when the tumor-associated peptides contain the Hsp70 binding sequence. This observation has relevance for vaccine design, as augmented transfer of tumor-associated antigens to APCs is closely linked to the vaccine's efficacy of T cell stimulation.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)305-312
Seitenumfang8
FachzeitschriftBiological Chemistry
Jahrgang390
Ausgabenummer4
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1 Apr. 2009

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