Inhalation pharmacokinetics based on gas uptake studies - II. Pharmacokinetics of acetone in rats

E. Hallier, J. G. Filser, H. M. Bolt

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

24 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Inhalation pharmacokinetics of acetone in rats was studied using gas uptake techniques. Under conditions of negligible metabolism (saturation of metabolizing enzymes) the coefficient of distribution Keq between organism and gas phase was 220 which confirmed that acetone is mainly (but not exclusively) distributed within the body water compartment. The metabolic elimination of acetone from the animals followed strict Michaelis-Menten saturation kinetics; the Km corresponded to 160 ppm in the atmosphere, vmax was 230 μmol · h-1 · kg-1. A shift in the distribution pattern of acetone under conditions of prevalent metabolism was theoretically predicted and experimentally proven; as the partial process of metabolic elimination was dose-dependent, this "depleted" the animal compartment from acetone in a dose-dependent fashion causing a shift in the "steady-state-constant", Kst. Part of the acetone which was metabolically eliminated (4.7%) appeared in the urine as formate within 7 days after ending a 48-h exposure to acetone; this excretion was linear with time. The data suggested existence of a formate pool in the organism from which formate was released with delay. Hence, limitations may be inferred as to the applicability of urinary formate excretion as a quantitative indicator for changing conditions of acetone exposure.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)293-304
Seitenumfang12
FachzeitschriftArchives of Toxicology
Jahrgang47
Ausgabenummer4
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Juli 1981
Extern publiziertJa

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