Golgi-to-phagosome transport of acid sphingomyelinase and prosaposin is mediated by sortilin

Anna Wähe, Bahram Kasmapour, Christoph Schmaderer, David Liebl, Konrad Sandhoff, Anders Nykjaer, Gareth Griffiths, Maximiliano G. Gutierrez

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

60 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Sortilin, also known as neurotensin receptor 3 (NTR3), is a transmembrane protein with a dual function. It acts as a receptor for neuromediators and growth factors at the plasma membrane, but it has also been implicated in binding and transport of some lysosomal proteins. However, the role of sortilin during phagosome maturation has not been investigated before. Here, we show that in macrophages, sortilin is mainly localized in the Golgi and transported to latex-bead phagosomes (LBPs). Using live-cell imaging and electron microscopy, we found that sortilin is delivered to LBPs in a manner that depends on its cytoplasmic tail. We also show that sortilin participates in the direct delivery of acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) and prosaposin (PS) to the phagosome, bypassing fusion with lysosomal compartments. Further analysis confirmed that ASM and PS are targeted to the phagosome by sortilin in a Brefeldin-A-sensitive pathway. Analysis of primary macrophages isolated from Sort1 -/- mice indicated that the delivery of ASM and PS, but not pro-cathepsin D, to LBPs was severely impaired. We propose a pathway mediated by sortilin by which selected lysosomal proteins are transported to the phagosome along a Golgi-dependent route during the maturation of phagosomes.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)2502-2511
Seitenumfang10
FachzeitschriftJournal of Cell Science
Jahrgang123
Ausgabenummer14
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 15 Juli 2010
Extern publiziertJa

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