## Abstract

In the present paper the use of cognitive algorithms for solving a wide spectrum of problems which often arise in investigations under compensated gravity is suggested. Applying such algorithms in the preparation and performance of experiments provides a substantial assistance to the experimentator as the behaviour of complex processes can be described and predicted correctly even when unexpected perturbations occur. Furthermore, an essential advantage of cognitive computing consists in the fact that the description and optimisation of the processes considered are possible also in such cases in which the corresponding basic equations are not known or not treatable practically. For convenience, the basic ideas of cognitive algorithms are discussed here. Due to their special relevance for investigations under compensated gravity algorithms based on fuzzy logic (FL) and artificial neuronal networks (ANN) are elucidated more in detail. In order to illustrate some advantages of cognitive computing exemplary results for the flow field induced by coaxial rotating disks are given. This represents the first attempt to use the benefits provided by cognitive algorithms in investigations under compensated gravity. The flow field between rotating disks plays an important role not only in experiments under compensated gravity but also in a wide range of terrestrial applications. A comparison of the results found by solving the Navier-Stokes equations and those from the prediction performed by ANN adequately trained shows an excellent agreement. However, the calculation times needed by the ANN are significantly smaller than that of the direct numerical simulation. Therefore, the real time prediction of the results from a running experiment seems to be possible.

Originalsprache | Englisch |
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Seiten (von - bis) | 185-192 |

Seitenumfang | 8 |

Fachzeitschrift | Microgravity Science and Technology |

Jahrgang | 9 |

Ausgabenummer | 3 |

Publikationsstatus | Veröffentlicht - 1996 |