Ferromagnetism in epitaxial Zn 0.95Co 0.05O films grown on ZnO and Al 2O 3

K. Nielsen, S. Bauer, M. Lübbe, S. T.B. Goennenwein, M. Opel, J. Simon, W. Mader, R. Gross

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

17 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

In this article, the possible mechanisms resulting in strong ferromagnetic coupling in transition metal(TM)-doped ZnO and other diluted magnetic semiconductors (DMS) are reviewed and the prerequisites for the observation of room temperature ferromagnetism in TM-doped ZnO are defined. In order to study the ferromagnetic behavior we have grown epitaxial Zn 0.95Co 0.05O films simultaneously on (0001) ZnO and Al 2O 3 substrates by laser molecular beam epitaxy at different deposition temperatures. A systematic study of the structural and magnetic properties has been performed to reveal their interdependence. Room temperature ferromagnetism has been found in Zn 0.95Co 0.05O films grown on ZnO, whereas for films deposited on sapphire only weak ferromagnetic signals have been detected which could not unambiguously be separated from those of the substrate. The different behavior is explained by different structural properties and defect densities in both films. Our experimental findings are in good agreement with a spin split impurity band model, where strong ferromagnetic exchange in ZnO:Co 2+ is obtained by a strong hybridization between the magnetic Co 2+ ion states and the donor states due to a large density of native defects.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)3581-3596
Seitenumfang16
FachzeitschriftPhysica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science
Jahrgang203
Ausgabenummer14
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Nov. 2006
Extern publiziertJa

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