Ertrinkungsunfälle im kindesalter - Eine retrospektive analyse

Christian Durchholz, J. Peters, F. Staudt, B. Pontz

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

3 Zitate (Scopus)


Drowning is one of the major causes of fatal accidence in young children. We examined 56 children admitted to the children's hospital Muenchen-Schwabing or Passau after drowning or near-drowning between 1989 and 1997. The age ranged between 13 to 145 months. We divided them into two groups: those who recovered completely and those who survived with severe neurological damage or died. We tested for significance for the outcome. Five significant clinical and laboratory parameters were combined to a score, and the range was predetermined from 0 to 12 points. In addition, we collected information of prehospital management by evaluating emergency doctors' reports. Airway and hypothermia management turned out to be non-satisfactory in prehospital management. Extracorporal circulation was never applied although it should be taken into consideration in special situations. We present a possible algorithm applicable for out of scene management. Most important goal is to prevent injury by the use of fences around garden ponds or pools.

Titel in ÜbersetzungChildhood drowning - A retrospective analysis
Seiten (von - bis)168-172
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Okt. 2004


  • Algorithm
  • Drowning in children
  • Extracorporal circulation
  • Predictors of outcome
  • Prehospital management
  • Score


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