Effects of virtual tube current reduction and sparse sampling on MDCT-based femoral BMD measurements

N. Sollmann, K. Mei, B. J. Schwaiger, A. S. Gersing, F. K. Kopp, R. Bippus, C. Maegerlein, C. Zimmer, E. J. Rummeny, J. S. Kirschke, P. B. Noël, T. Baum

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

11 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Summary: This study investigates the impact of tube current reduction and sparse sampling on femoral bone mineral density (BMD) measurements derived from multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). The application of sparse sampling led to robust and clinically acceptable BMD measurements. In contrast, BMD measurements derived from MDCT with virtually reduced tube currents showed a considerable increase when compared to original data. Introduction: The study aims to evaluate the effects of radiation dose reduction by using virtual reduction of tube current or sparse sampling combined with standard filtered back projection (FBP) and statistical iterative reconstruction (SIR) on femoral bone mineral density (BMD) measurements derived from multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). Methods: In routine MDCT scans of 41 subjects (65.9% men; age 69.3 ± 10.1 years), reduced radiation doses were simulated by lowering tube currents and applying sparse sampling (50, 25, and 10% of the original tube current and projections, respectively). Images were reconstructed using FBP and SIR. BMD values were assessed in the femoral neck and compared between the different dose levels, numbers of projections, and image reconstruction approaches. Results: Compared to full-dose MDCT, virtual lowering of the tube current by applying our simulation algorithm resulted in increases in BMD values for both FBP (up to a relative change of 32.5%) and SIR (up to a relative change of 32.3%). In contrast, the application of sparse sampling with a reduction down to 10% of projections showed robust BMD values, with clinically acceptable relative changes of up to 0.5% (FBP) and 0.7% (SIR). Conclusions: Our simulations, which still require clinical validation, indicate that reductions down to ultra-low tube currents have a significant impact on MDCT-based femoral BMD measurements. In contrast, the application of sparse-sampled MDCT seems a promising future clinical option that may enable a significant reduction of the radiation dose without considerable changes of BMD values.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)2685-2692
Seitenumfang8
FachzeitschriftOsteoporosis International
Jahrgang29
Ausgabenummer12
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1 Dez. 2018
Extern publiziertJa

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