Effects of sufentanil on cerebral hemodynamics and intracranial pressure in patients with brain injury

C. Werner, E. Kochs, H. Bause, W. E. Hoffman, J. S. Am Esch

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

99 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The current study investigates the effects of sufentanil on cerebral blood flow velocity and intracranial pressure (ICP) in 30 patients with intracranial hypertension after severe brain trauma (Glasgow coma scale <6). Methods: Mechanical ventilation (FIO2, 0.25-0.4) was adjusted to maintain arterial carbon dioxide tensions of 28-30 mmHg. Continuous infusion of midazolam (200 μg/kg/h intravenous) and fentanyl (2 μg/kg/h intravenous) was used for sedation. Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP, mmHg) was adjusted using norepinephrine infusion (1-5 μg/min). Mean blood flow velocity (V(mean), cm/s) was measured in the middle cerebral artery using a 2-MHz transcranial Doppler sonography system. ICP (mmHg) was measured using an epidural probe. After baseline measurements, a bolus of 3 μg/kg sufentanil was injected, and all parameters were continuously recorded for 30 min. The patients were assigned retrospectively to the following groups according to their blood pressure responses to sufentanil: group 1, MAP decrease of less than 10 mmHg, and group 2, MAP decrease of more than 10 mmHg. Results: Heart rate, arterial blood gases, and esophageal temperature did not change over time in all patients. In 18 patients. MAP did not decrease after sufentanil (group 1). In 12 patients, sufentanil decreased MAP >10 mmHg from baseline despite norepinephrine infusion (group 2). ICP was constant in patients with maintained MAP (group 1) but was significantly increased in patients with decreased MAP. Vmean did not change with sufentanil injection regardless of changes in MAP. Conclusions: The current data show that sufentanil (3 μg/kg intravenous) has no significant effect on middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity and ICP in patients with brain injury, intracranial hypertension, and controlled MAP. However, transient increases in ICP without changes in middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity may occur concomitant with decreases in MAP. This suggests that increases in ICP seen with sufentanil may be due to autoregulatory decreases in cerebral vascular resistance secondary to systemic hypotension.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)721-726
Seitenumfang6
FachzeitschriftAnesthesiology
Jahrgang83
Ausgabenummer4
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1995
Extern publiziertJa

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