Effects of colostrum versus formula feeding on hepatic glucocorticoid and α1- and β2-adrenergic receptors in neonatal calves and their effect on glucose and lipid metabolism

C. T. Schäff, D. Rohrbeck, J. Steinhoff-Wagner, E. Kanitz, H. Sauerwein, R. M. Bruckmaier, H. M. Hammon

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

16 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Neonatal energy metabolism in calves has to adapt to extrauterine life and depends on colostrum feeding. The adrenergic and glucocorticoid systems are involved in postnatal maturation of pathways related to energy metabolism and calves show elevated plasma concentrations of cortisol and catecholamines during perinatal life. We tested the hypothesis that hepatic glucocorticoid receptors (GR) and α1- and β2-adrenergic receptors (AR) in neonatal calves are involved in adaptation of postnatal energy metabolism and that respective binding capacities depend on colostrum feeding. Calves were fed colostrum (CF; n=7) or a milk-based formula (FF; n=7) with similar nutrient content up to d 4 of life. Blood samples were taken daily before feeding and 2h after feeding on d 4 of life to measure metabolites and hormones related to energy metabolism in blood plasma. Liver tissue was obtained 2h after feeding on d 4 to measure hepatic fat content and binding capacity of AR and GR. Maximal binding capacity and binding affinity were calculated by saturation binding assays using [3H]-prazosin and [3H]-CGP-12177 for determination of α1- and β2-AR and [3H]-dexamethasone for determination of GR in liver. Additional liver samples were taken to measure mRNA abundance of AR and GR, and of key enzymes related to hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism. Plasma concentrations of albumin, triacylglycerides, insulin-like growth factor I, leptin, and thyroid hormones changed until d 4 and all these variables except leptin and thyroid hormones responded to feed intake on d 4. Diet effects were determined for albumin, insulin-like growth factor I, leptin, and thyroid hormones. Binding capacity for GR was greater and for α1-AR tended to be greater in CF than in FF calves. Binding affinities were in the same range for each receptor type. Gene expression of α1-AR (ADRA1) tended to be lower in CF than FF calves. Binding capacity of GR was related to parameters of glucose and lipid metabolism, whereas β2-AR binding capacity was negatively associated with glucose metabolism. In conclusion, our results indicate a dependence of GR and α1-AR on milk feeding immediately after birth and point to an involvement of hepatic GR and AR in postnatal adaptation of glucose and lipid metabolism in calves.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)6344-6357
Seitenumfang14
FachzeitschriftJournal of Dairy Science
Jahrgang97
Ausgabenummer10
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1 Okt. 2014
Extern publiziertJa

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