Discovery of Glycation Products: Unraveling the Unknown Glycation Space Using a Mass Spectral Library from In Vitro Model Systems

Yingfei Yan, Daniel Hemmler, Philippe Schmitt-Kopplin

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

Abstract

The nonenzymatic reaction between amino acids (AAs) and reducing sugars, also known as the Maillard reaction, is the primary source of free glycation products (GPs) in vivo and in vitro. The limited number of MS/MS records for GPs in public libraries hinders the annotation and investigation of nonenzymatic glycation. To address this issue, we present a mass spectral library containing the experimental MS/MS spectra of diverse GPs from model systems. Based on the conceptional reaction processes and structural characteristics of products, we classified GPs into common GPs (CGPs) and modified AAs (MAAs). A workflow for annotating GPs was established based on the structural and fragmentation patterns of each GP type. The final spectral library contains 157 CGPs, 499 MAAs, and 2426 GP spectra with synthetic model system information, retention time, precursor m/z, MS/MS, and annotations. As a proof-of-concept, we demonstrated the use of the library for screening GPs in unidentified spectra of human plasma and urine. The AAs with the C6H10O5 modification, fructosylation from Amadori rearrangement, were the most found GPs. With the help of the model system, we confirmed the existence of C6H10O5-modified Valine in human plasma by matching both retention time, MS1, and MS/MS without reference standards. In summary, our GP library can serve as an online resource to quickly screen possible GPs in an untargeted metabolomics workflow, furthermore with the model system as a practical synthesis method to confirm their identity.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)3569-3577
Seitenumfang9
FachzeitschriftAnalytical Chemistry
Jahrgang96
Ausgabenummer8
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 27 Feb. 2024

Fingerprint

Untersuchen Sie die Forschungsthemen von „Discovery of Glycation Products: Unraveling the Unknown Glycation Space Using a Mass Spectral Library from In Vitro Model Systems“. Zusammen bilden sie einen einzigartigen Fingerprint.

Dieses zitieren