Differential effect of type I interferons on hematopoietic progenitor cells: Failure of interferons to inhibit IL-3-stimulated normal and CML myeloid progenitors

D. Despres, J. Goldschmitt, W. E. Aulitzky, C. Huber, C. Peschel

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

9 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

We observed a differential effect of type I interferons (IFNs) in inhibiting the proliferation of various hematopoietic progenitor cell types. Upon stimulation with interleukin-3 (IL-3), IFN-α and IFN-β failed to inhibit colony formation of myeloid progenitors (day-14 colony-forming units-granulocyte/macrophage [CFU-GM]) obtained from peripheral blood (PB) and bone marrow (BM) of untreated chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) patients in chronic phase even at IFN doses as high as 10,000 U/mL. In contrast, day-7 CFU-GM stimulated with granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and burst-forming units-erythroid (BFU-E) were readily inhibited by moderate doses of IFNs. IFN-resistant myeloid progenitor cells were also detected in normal BM but not in normal PB cells. When suboptimal doses of IL-3 were used in clonal progenitor cell assays, day-14 CFU-GM were not protected from the inhibitory action of IFN. The failure of IFN to inhibit immature myeloid progenitors was confirmed in normal and CML cells highly enriched in CD34-expressing cells. Combinations of growth factors were required for sufficient colony formation in these cells, whereas IL-3 alone provided only an inadequate stimulation, which was further inhibited by IFN. In purified CD34+ cells, day-14 CFU-GM were protected from IFN-mediated inhibition only upon stimulation with stem cell factor (SCF) in combination with IL-3 or G-CSF.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)1431-1438
Seitenumfang8
FachzeitschriftExperimental Hematology
Jahrgang23
Ausgabenummer14
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1995
Extern publiziertJa

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