Die schnelldiagnostik einer infektiosen endophthalmitis mittels polymerase-kettenreaktion (PCR): Eine erganzung zu den konventionellen mikrobiologischen diagnostikverfahren

Chris P. Lohmann, Hans Jörg Linde, Udo Reischl

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

10 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Endophthalmitis is, although relatively rare, a serious intraocular infection, which could result in a loss of visual function. Therefore, the rapid diagnosis and initiation of the appropriate treatment is of critical importance. To date, approximately 60 percent of eyes with a clinical diagnosis of infectious endophthalmitis show a positive microscopic or culture result. By using the very sensitive polymerase chain reaction this number might increase. Patients and methods: In a series of 12 eyes with infectious endophtalmitis we have performed microscopic investigations, diagnostic culture and polymerase chain reaction in aqueous humor and vitreous in order to detect the infectious agent. Results: Microscopic investigations showed a positive result in the vitreous of 3 eyes. This number improved to 6 eyes using culture media. Significant less positive results were obtained in the aquous humor. The infectious agent could he detected in the aquous humor in all 12 eyes and in the vitreous in 9 eyes by PCR. Only in 2 eyes with a delayed endophthalmitis the vitreous was negative. Conclusions: The detection of the infectious agents was more successful using PCR compared to conventional microbiological rests. In particular, for the diagnosis of delayed endophthalmitis PCR proves to be very superior. In all cases of delayed endophthalmitis the pathogen could be detected in the aquous humor.

Titel in ÜbersetzungRapid diagnosis of infectious endophthalmitis using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR): A completion to conventional microbiological tests?
OriginalspracheDeutsch
Seiten (von - bis)22-27
Seitenumfang6
FachzeitschriftKlinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde
Jahrgang211
Ausgabenummer1
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 1997
Extern publiziertJa

Schlagwörter

  • Detection of infectious agents
  • Endophthalmitis
  • Polymerase chain reaction

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