## Abstract

Power generation from renewable energy resources becomes increasingly important, as CO2 emissions have to be significantly reduced for climate change mitigation. Several geothermal plants with an Organic Rankine Cycle have been built in the South Bavarian Molasse Basin in the last ten years. They produce electrical power, independent of solar radiation and wind, with a high annual full load hour percentage and comparatively low CO2 emissions. However, since the geothermal plants are operated with air condensers and scaling affects the performance of the electrical submersible pump and thus the lifted thermal water flow rate, the generated gross electrical power is strongly fluctuating and few operating points can be determined within a year with the same boundary conditions. Hence, the analysis and evaluation of the time-dependent course of the gross electrical power output proved difficult for operators of geothermal plants so far. Moreover, the gross electrical power output is a crucial key performance indicator for monitoring the entire process of Organic Rankine Cycle power plants in geothermal applications. For advanced monitoring of the gross electrical power of geothermal plants, an empirical simulation model based on linear regression is developed and will be presented in this paper. The ambient air temperature of the location of a geothermal power plant as well as the transferred heat to the power cycle by heat exchangers are the two variables of a two-dimensional polynomial function of the simulation model, whose regression coefficients are computed numerically. For this purpose, operating data from a four-year period of a geothermal power plant with an Organic Rankine Cycle in the south of Munich (Germany) were pre-processed and used. Polynomial functions of various degrees, different objective functions and varying input data sets for the numerical computation of polynomial coefficients with linear regression are examined. Regression models for four years of operation of the investigated geothermal plant were computed and compared with each other. In addition, linear regression models of the calculated gross electrical efficiency as a function of ambient air temperature of the reference geothermal plant are also shown. A software application is presented, developed with MATLAB^{®} App Designer, which enables to evaluate the gross electrical power as well as the gross electrical efficiency for current single operating points comparatively with the calculated values of the models of each operation year of the geothermal plant. The developed software application thus facilitates operators to easily and precisely monitor the gross electrical power output and the gross electrical efficiency as key performance indicators of their geothermal power plants.

Originalsprache | Englisch |
---|---|

Titel | ECOS 2021 - 34th International Conference on Efficency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems |

Herausgeber (Verlag) | ECOS 2021 Program Organizer |

Seiten | 1692-1703 |

Seitenumfang | 12 |

ISBN (elektronisch) | 9781713843986 |

Publikationsstatus | Veröffentlicht - 2021 |

Veranstaltung | 34th International Conference on Efficency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, ECOS 2021 - Taormina, Sicily, Italien Dauer: 28 Juni 2021 → 2 Juli 2021 |

### Publikationsreihe

Name | ECOS 2021 - 34th International Conference on Efficency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems |
---|

### Konferenz

Konferenz | 34th International Conference on Efficency, Cost, Optimization, Simulation and Environmental Impact of Energy Systems, ECOS 2021 |
---|---|

Land/Gebiet | Italien |

Ort | Taormina, Sicily |

Zeitraum | 28/06/21 → 2/07/21 |