Abstract
In condensed matter the coupling of fluctuating forces to the infinite set of density fluctuation pairs leads to nonMarkovian equations for the time evolution. Treating the dynamics of the density pairs with a factorization approximation yields closed equations of motion which provide a mathematically welldefined treatment of the cage effect for particle motion in liquids. The equations imply a bifurcation singularity connected with the appearance of a spontaneous arrest of the particle positions in disordered arrays. The evolution of structural relaxation on cooling or compression of liquids is obtained when the temperature or density approach critical values, which characterize the singularity. Von Schweidler's law is obtained as a generic reason for αrelaxation stretching. There appears a dynamical window where structural relaxation is described by a universal law, which deals with two time fractals. The relation of the mode coupling theory with Mountain's theory of structural relaxation is discussed and the interplay of relaxations and oscillations in supercooled liquids is demonstrated.
Originalsprache  Englisch 

Seiten (von  bis)  4759 
Seitenumfang  13 
Fachzeitschrift  Chemical Physics 
Jahrgang  212 
Ausgabenummer  1 SPEC. ISSUE 
DOIs 

Publikationsstatus  Veröffentlicht  15 Nov. 1996 