CACTUSS: Common Anatomical CT-US Space for US examinations

Yordanka Velikova, Walter Simson, Mohammad Farid Azampour, Philipp Paprottka, Nassir Navab

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung


Purpose: The detection and treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), a vascular disorder with life-threatening consequences, is challenging due to its lack of symptoms until it reaches a critical size. Abdominal ultrasound (US) is utilized for diagnosis; however, its inherent low image quality and reliance on operator expertise make computed tomography (CT) the preferred choice for monitoring and treatment. Moreover, CT datasets have been effectively used for training deep neural networks for aorta segmentation. In this work, we demonstrate how leveraging CT labels can be used to improve segmentation in ultrasound and hence save manual annotations. Methods: We introduce CACTUSS: a common anatomical CT-US space that inherits properties from both CT and ultrasound modalities to produce an image in intermediate representation (IR) space. CACTUSS acts as a virtual third modality between CT and US to address the scarcity of annotated ultrasound training data. The generation of IR images is facilitated by re-parametrizing a physics-based US simulator. In CACTUSS we use IR images as training data for ultrasound segmentation, eliminating the need for manual labeling. In addition, an image-to-image translation network is employed for the model’s application on real B-modes. Results: The model’s performance is evaluated quantitatively for the task of aorta segmentation by comparison against a fully supervised method in terms of Dice Score and diagnostic metrics. CACTUSS outperforms the fully supervised network in segmentation and meets clinical requirements for AAA screening and diagnosis. Conclusion: CACTUSS provides a promising approach to improve US segmentation accuracy by leveraging CT labels, reducing the need for manual annotations. We generate IRs that inherit properties from both modalities while preserving the anatomical structure and are optimized for the task of aorta segmentation. Future work involves integrating CACTUSS into robotic ultrasound platforms for automated screening and conducting clinical feasibility studies.

Seiten (von - bis)861-869
FachzeitschriftInternational Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Mai 2024


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