Bitter Peptides YFYPEL, VAPFPEVF, and YQEPVLGPVRGPFPIIV, Released during Gastric Digestion of Casein, Stimulate Mechanisms of Gastric Acid Secretion via Bitter Taste Receptors TAS2R16 and TAS2R38

Phil Richter, Karin Sebald, Konrad Fischer, Maik Behrens, Angelika Schnieke, Veronika Somoza

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

12 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Eating satiating, protein-rich foods is one of the key aspects of modern diet, although a bitter off-taste often limits the application of some proteins and protein hydrolysates, especially in processed foods. Previous studies of our group demonstrated that bitter-tasting food constituents, such as caffeine, stimulate mechanisms of gastric acid secretion as a signal of gastric satiation and a key process of gastric protein digestion via activation of bitter taste receptors (TAS2Rs). Here, we tried to elucidate whether dietary non-bitter-tasting casein is intra-gastrically degraded into bitter peptides that stimulate mechanisms of gastric acid secretion in physiologically achievable concentrations. An in vitro model of gastric digestion was verified by casein-fed pigs, and the peptides resulting from gastric digestion were identified by liquid chromatography-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry. The bitterness of five selected casein-derived peptides was validated by sensory analyses and by an in vitro screening approach based on human gastric parietal cells (HGT-1). For three of these peptides (YFYPEL, VAPFPEVF, and YQEPVLGPVRGPFPIIV), an upregulation of gene expression of TAS2R16 and TAS2R38 was observed. The functional involvement of these TAS2Rs was verified by siRNA knock-down (kd) experiments in HGT-1 cells. This resulted in a reduction of the mean proton secretion promoted by the peptides by up to 86.3 ± 9.9% for TAS2R16kd (p < 0.0001) cells and by up to 62.8 ± 7.0% for TAS2R38kd (p < 0.0001) cells compared with mock-transfected cells.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)11591-11602
Seitenumfang12
FachzeitschriftJournal of agricultural and food chemistry
Jahrgang70
Ausgabenummer37
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 21 Sept. 2022

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