Atomic structure of GTP cyclohydrolase I

Herbert Nar, Robert Huber, Winfried Meining, Cornelia Schmid, Sevil Weinkauf, Adelbert Bacher

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

117 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Tetrahydrobiopterin serves as the cofactor for enzymes involved in neurotransmitter biosynthesis and as a regulatory factor in immune cell proliferation and the biosynthesis of melanin. The biosynthetic pathway to tetrahydrobiopterin consists of three steps starting from GTP. The initial reaction is catalyzed by GTP cyclohydrolase I (GTP-CH-I) and involves the chemically complex transformation of the purine into the pterin ring system. Results The crystal structure of the Escherichia coli GTP-CH-I was solved by single isomorphous replacement and molecular averaging at 3.0 å resolution. The functional enzyme is a homodecameric complex with D5 symmetry, forming a torus with dimensions 65 å × 100 å. The pentameric subunits are constructed via an unprecedented cyclic arrangement of the four-stranded antiparallel β-sheets of the five monomers to form a 20-stranded antiparallel β-barrel of 35 å diameter. Two pentamers are tightly associated by intercalation of two antiparallel helix pairs positioned close to the subunit N termini. The C-terminal domain of the GTP-CH-I monomer is topologically identical to a subunit of the homohexameric 6-pyruvoyl tetrahydropterin synthase, the enzyme catalyzing the second step in tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis. Conclusion The active site of GTP-CH-I is located at the interface of three subunits. It represents a novel GTP-binding site, distinct from the one found in G proteins, with a catalytic apparatus that suggests involvement of histidines and, possibly, a cystine in the unusual reaction mechanism. Despite the lack of significant sequence homology between GTP-CH-I and 6-pyruvoyl tetrahydropterin synthase, the two proteins, which catalyze consecutive steps in tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis, share a common subunit fold and oligomerization mode. In addition, the active centres have an identical acceptor site for the 2-amino-4-oxo pyrimidine moiety of their substrates which suggests an evolutionarily conserved protein fold designed for pterin biosynthesis.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)459-466
Seitenumfang8
FachzeitschriftStructure
Jahrgang3
Ausgabenummer5
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Mai 1995

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