Association of a CD18 gene polymorphism with a reduced risk of restenosis after coronary stenting

Werner Koch, Corinna Böttiger, Julinda Mehilli, Nicolas Von Beckerath, Franz Josef Neumann, Albert Schömig, Adnan Kastrati

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

23 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

Inflammatory mechanisms play an important role in the process of restenosis after percutaneous coronary interventions, with cell adhesion molecules, including Mac-1 (CD11b/CD18), as key mediators. A single nucleotide polymorphism, 1323C/T, located in exon 11 of the CD18 gene has been previously described, but its functional and clinical significances have not yet been studied. We assessed whether an association exists between this polymorphism and restenosis after coronary stenting. Clinical and angiographic measures of restenosis were evaluated over 1 year after coronary stent placement in 1,207 consecutive patients. Angiographic restenosis was defined as a ≥50% diameter stenosis at follow-up angiography. Determination of the CD18 1323C/T genotype was based on the polymerase chain reaction technique. The frequency of the T allele was 0.34 and its presence reduced the 1-year risk of a major adverse cardiac event (death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization) by 29% (p = 0.011). Carriers of the T allele had a significantly lower risk of angiographic restenosis compared with noncarriers (odds ratio 0.71, 95% confidence interval 0.55 to 0.92). The incidence of restenosis decreased as a function of the number of T alleles: 38.1% in patients with genotype CC, 31.7% in patients with genotype CT, and 26.0% in patients with genotype TT (p = 0.004). Thus, the 1323T allele of the CD18 gene is associated, in a gene dose-dependent manner, with a lower incidence of angiographic restenosis after coronary stenting. This finding suggests that Mac-1 is involved in the development of restenosis after coronary stent placement.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)1120-1124
Seitenumfang5
FachzeitschriftAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Jahrgang88
Ausgabenummer10
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 15 Nov. 2001
Extern publiziertJa

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