Al(In)As-(Ga)InAs strain-compensated active regions for injectorless quantum cascade lasers

Gerhard Boehm, Simeon Katz, Ralf Meyer, Markus Christian Amann

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

9 Zitate (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a new design for quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) without the typically used injector between two consecutive active stages. The lasers are realized with the InP-based material system AlInAs/GaInAs. With additional AlAs and InAs layers a significant optimization of the structure can be realized. In this improved structure the possibility of electrons escaping into the quasi-continuum is drastically reduced by the AlAs-blocking layer. On the other hand, InAs, a material with a very low effective mass, significantly prolongs the carrier lifetime, enhancing the population inversion and increasing the dipole matrix element of the transition. Both inserted layers result in an overall improvement of the device properties, basically the threshold current density (jth), maximum operating temperature (Tmax), output power, slope efficiency and characteristic temperature T0. With high reflection coated facets a record threshold current density as low as 450 A/cm2 at 300 K was achieved in the pulsed mode.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)1932-1934
Seitenumfang3
FachzeitschriftJournal of Crystal Growth
Jahrgang311
Ausgabenummer7
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 15 März 2009

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